Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Format: PDF
Language: English
Price:  $210* CAD

Product pricing and availability are subject to change without notice.



Product Description

Ontario Customers: The B139 Series-15 dated January 2015 is the version currently in force in Ontario. Click here to download the January 2015 pages that were affected by Update No. 1 dated May 2016.


Update #1 to this standard is available.

To download any updates and/or register for email notification of future updates click here

B139 SERIES-15 - Installation code for oil-burning equipment

Preface

This is the ninth edition of CSA B139, Installation code for oil-burning equipment. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2009, 2004, 2000, 1991, 1976, 1971, 1962, and 1957.

This edition represents a major update of the code to reflect the growing need by users to distinguish requirements for residential installations from those required for larger and more complex installations, including separate requirements specifically created for stationary engines. As a result, the new code is organized into multiple parts as follows:

  • Part 1.0 - Large Installations. While intended for industrial, institutional, and larger commercial buildings, it can be used for any size of installation, and contains new requirements that are intended to address the needs of these more complex systems.

  • Part 1.1 - Stationary Engines. This Part includes special requirements applicable to stationary engines serving generators and fire pumps, and other equipment such as large compressors.

  • Part 1.2 - Special Installations. This Part collects the existing requirements for used oil burning appliances, central oil distribution facilities, construction heaters, and vehicle heaters.

  • Part 2.0 - Residential Installations. This Part focuses on the requirements for smaller installations typically used in single and two-family dwellings, as well as in small commercial buildings. Most of its content is recognizable from the previous edition but has been updated and simplified to suit these installations.
Major changes to this edition includes the following:

  • The Scope has been revised to reflect the creation of the multi-part format.

  • The Reference publications now only include related installation and testing publications. Other standards or publications for products have now been organized in a new mandatory Annex A and organized based on how they are certified or tested.

  • The Definitions section has been edited to remove terms that are not used in this Code. Many of the removed terms are either similar terms commonly used, or are used as defined terms in the CSA B140 Series of appliance standards; these terms have been moved to a new Glossary at the end of the Code.

  • Clarification has been provided to distinguish the difference between products which are certified for use in Canada and those which may need additional requirements by authorities having jurisdiction when they adopt this Code. The introduction of the new Annex A for product standards should simplify this code adoption process.

  • Where the Code describes a product or material, it now includes the reference product standard.

  • In Part 1, larger storage and supply tanks are now included for installation inside of buildings, with additional protective requirements. Similarly, the requirements for larger auxiliary supply tanks for generators have been reworked, permitting higher capacities provided protective requirements are met.

  • Requirements for venting of tanks have been expanded, and include both prescriptive requirements for vent lengths as well as additional design information (in Annex F).

  • In Parts 1.0 and 1.1, enhanced requirements and methods are provided for installation of unlisted metal chimneys, including those used for engine exhaust systems.

  • Operations and maintenance requirements have been converted to non-mandatory Annexes.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B139.1.0-15 - General requirements for large installations

Introduction

CSA B139.1.0 includes the installation requirements which apply to large oil-burning equipment. This Code covers general requirements applicable to larger-capacity appliances and oil-burning equipment and associated ancillary equipment, installed in multi-unit residential, larger commercial buildings, as well as industrial and institutional buildings. CSA B139.1.1 describes general requirements for the installation of oil-fuelled stationary engines. CSA B139.1.2 describes the general requirements for miscellaneous specialty oil systems not covered by CSA B139.1.0 or CSA B139.1.2.

Smaller boiler, furnace, air heater, and water heater installations commonly found in single-family and two-family dwellings, as well as in small commercial buildings, are installed in accordance with the requirements found in CSA B139.2, Installation code for oil-burning equipment for residential and small commercial buildings.

Scope

1.1
Except as permitted under Clause 1.2, this Code specifies minimum requirements for the installation of large oil-burning equipment.

Note: The intent of this Code is to apply to multi-unit residential, commercial, institutional and industrial buildings in accordance with the provincial building code or, in the absence of such regulation, the National Building Code of Canada).

1.2
CSA B139 Series, Installation code for oil-burning equipment, is arranged in four parts:

(a) CSA B139.1.0 covers general requirements for large installations.

(b) CSA B139.1.1 covers general requirements for stationary oil-fuelled engine installations.

(c) CSA B139.1.2 covers general requirements for special oil-burning equipment installations.

(d) CSA B139.2 covers general requirements for residential and small commercial building installations.

1.3
This Code applies to the installation of appliances, equipment, components, and accessories where oil is used for fuel purposes in applications that include

(a) space heating;

(b) service water heating;

(c) power generation; and

(d) process application.

1.4
This Code provides minimum requirements for installing or altering all stationary and portable oil-burning equipment, including

(a) furnaces;

(b) process furnaces;

(c) boilers;

(d) water heaters;

(e) vehicle heaters;

(f) construction heaters; and

(g) stationary internal combustion engines when used for shaft-power applications for buildings.

Note: For installation of internal combustion engines for emergency power applications, see also CSA C282 and CSA Z32. Both these Standards refer to CSA B139 Series for installation of accessories such as fuel tanks and piping.

1.5
This Code provides minimum requirements for installing or altering ancillary equipment, including

(a) piping and tubing systems;

(b) pumps;

(c) control devices;

(d) venting systems;

(e) accessories;

(f) heat distribution systems that affect the proper operation of the oil-burning equipment;

(g) central oil distribution systems; and

(h) underground supply tanks, above-ground outdoor tanks, and above-ground tanks installed inside of buildings.

1.6
This Code provides requirements for the maintenance of the most commonly used types of oil-burning equipment.

1.7
This Code provides recommended precautions for filling tanks (see Annex I).

1.8

This Code does not apply to

(a) process equipment installed in refineries;

(b) appliances installed in mobile housing, recreational vehicles, and marine craft;

(c) portable devices such as lamps, blowtorches, melting pots, and weed burners; or

(d) integral fuel tanks of 45 L (10 gal) capacity or less on internal combustion engines.

Note: For installation of oil-burning equipment in mobile housing and recreational vehicles, see the CAN/CSA-Z240 MH Series.

1.9
In this Code, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

1.10
The values given in SI units are the units of record for the purposes of this Code. The values given in parentheses are for information and comparison only.

1.11
Figures and tables that are referenced with the prefix "B" are to be found in Annex B of the B139.1.0 Code.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B139.1.1-15 - General requirements for stationary engines

Introduction

CSA B139.1.1 concerns the installation of stationary engines and associated ancillary equipment installed in multi-unit residential, commercial, industrial, and institutional buildings.

Scope

1.1
This Code specifies minimum requirements for the installation of oil-fuelled stationary engines used for

(a) the generation of electrical power for buildings;

(b) the generation of electrical power in accordance with CSA C282;

(c) the generation of electrical power in accordance with CSA Z32; and

(d) directly connected shaft power for building equipment, industrial equipment, and emergency equipment.

Note: Examples of "building equipment" include air compressors and refrigeration equipment; "industrial equipment" includes pumps, compressors, hoisting equipment; and "emergency equipment" includes fire pumps. This note does not impose limits on types of driven equipment.

1.2
The requirements of CSA B139.1.0 apply in addition to this Code. Where a conflict or inconsistency exists between CSA B139.1.0 and this Code, the requirements of this Code shall take precedence.

1.3
In this Code, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying Clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a Clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

1.4
The values given in SI (metric) units are the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B139.1.2-15 - General requirements for special installations

Introduction

CSA B139.1.2 concerns the installation of special installations, including appliances that burn used-oil, field installation of burners, construction heaters and temporary supply tanks. Special requirements for the installation of central oil distribution systems and vehicle heaters are also included.

Scope

1.1
This Code applies to the installation of appliances, equipment, components, and accessories where oil is used for fuel purposes in

(a) used-oil burning appliances;

(b) central oil distribution systems;

(c) construction heaters and fuel systems; and

(d) vehicle heaters.

1.2
This Code provides minimum requirements for the field installation of burners and their combustion control systems.

1.3
The requirements of CSA B139.1.0 apply in addition to this Code. Where a conflict or inconsistency exists between CSA B139.1.0 and this Code, the requirements of this Code shall take precedence.

1.4
In CSA Standards, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

1.5
The values given in SI (metric) units are the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B139.2-15 - Installation code for oil-burning equipment for residential and small commercial buildings

Introduction

CSA B139.2 concerns the installation of low-capacity boilers, furnaces, air heaters, domestic water heaters, and similar residential-type appliances, including the associated ancillary equipment, installed in residential and small commercial buildings. Users should note that the design of fuel systems anticipated in this Code might not be subject to provincial legislation requiring sealing of the design and provision of construction review services by a professional engineer.

Where the installation does not meet the restrictions and limitations imposed by this Code, the installation is to be installed in accordance with CSA B139.1.0.

Scope

1.1
This Code applies to the installation of appliances, equipment, components, and accessories where oil is used for fuel purposes in applications that include

(a) space heating;

(b) service water heating; and

(c) small process application

1.2
This Code applies to the installation of appliances and associated equipment where

(a) the building is a residential or commercial building as defined by the National Building Code of Canada, does not exceed 3 storeys in building height and does not exceed 600 m2 (6458 ft2) in building area;

(b) the individual or total appliance fuel input rating does not exceed 9.5 L/h (2.5 GPH);

(c) the maximum fuel input rate to all appliances connected to a common chimney does not exceed 205 kW (700 kBtu/h);

(d) supply tanks do not exceed an individual capacity of 2500 L (550 gal), nor do they exceed a total capacity of 5000 L (1100 gal) for each premises; and

(e) no fuel pumps other than appliance integrally mounted fuel pumps are used.

Note: The intent of this Code is to apply to residential buildings and small commercial buildings in accordance with the provincial building code or, in the absence of such regulations, in accordance with Part 9 of the National Building Code of Canada.

1.3
This Code provides minimum requirements for installing or altering all stationary and portable oil-burning equipment, including

(a) furnaces;

(b) boilers; and

(c) water heaters.

1.4
This Code provides minimum requirements for installing or altering ancillary equipment, including

(a) piping and tubing;

(b) control devices;

(c) venting systems;

(d) accessories;

(e) heat distribution systems that affect the proper operation of the oil-burning equipment; and

(f) above-ground supply tanks that have a maximum individual capacity of 2500 L (550 gal) and a maximum total capacity of 5000 L (1100 gal).

Note: Underground fuel oil tank installations of any size and above-ground installations over 2500 L (550 gal) are covered by CSA B139.1.0, CSA B139.1.1, and CSA B139.1.2.

1.5
This Code provides requirements for the maintenance of the most commonly used types of oil-burning equipment.

1.6
This Code provides recommended precautions for filling tanks (see Annex I).

1.7
This Code does not apply to

(a) process equipment installed in refineries;

(b) appliances installed in mobile housing, recreational vehicles, and marine craft;

(c) portable devices such as lamps, blowtorches, melting pots, and weed burners; or

(d) installations supplying oil-fuelled stationary engines.

Note: For installation of oil-burning equipment in mobile housing and recreational vehicles, see CAN/CSA-Z240 MH Series.

1.8
In this Code, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

1.9
The values given in SI (metric) units are the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

1.10
Figures and tables that are referenced with the prefix "B" are to be found in Annex B of CSA B139.1.0.

Note: For example, a reference in this Code to "Table B.1" means Table B.1 in Annex B of CSA B139.1.0.